Algeria has not yet developed a holistic or integrated maritime policy.
Nevertheless, a dedicated national maritime governance structure was created at the Government level (Sea Higher Council) in 1998; this structure has not been activated, though it may efficiently support the development of a national integrated maritime policy. There are no conventional governance systems (national forum, national maritime council, etc.) involving maritime stakeholders in decision making and implementation.
Most traditional maritime activities are based on explicit and formal sectoral strategies implemented by specialized sectoral agencies, relying on comprehensive legal frameworks, generally including an environmental assessment study at the level of projects, but rarely constitute strategic environmental evaluations at the level of policies, plans or programs. However, sectoral maritime policies are not entirely coherent at the strategic and operational levels.
There is good cooperation and coordination at the operational level in some specific areas such as maritime surveillance and sea police activities.
No national policy has so far been defined in terms of marine or maritime knowledge or in the control and supervision of the maritime environment and activities. Maritime challenges are considered only partially in the very comprehensive country development plan and in corresponding planning instruments (national territory development plan). Integrated cross-sectional approaches and instruments are currently being developed (ICZM).
Algeria has not created exclusive economic areas. There are agreements to demarcate the continental shelf. Algeria is part of all main international maritime agreements (international maritime organization, Barcelona Convention …)