Egypt has not yet developed a holistic or integrated maritime policy, although in recent years it has been active in developing ICZM.
No national dedicated maritime governance structure exists at the Government level to support the development of a national integrated maritime policy, and there are no governance setups (national forum, national maritime council, etc.) to allow maritime stakeholders to participate at decision or at implementation level.
Most traditional maritime activities are based on explicit and well‐defined sectoral strategies supported by dedicated sectoral administrations and generally complete legislative frameworks, although some laws could benefit from updating and the regulatory framework can be complex with several entities involved.
Egypt ratified UNCLOOS in 1983. It has declared a 12 mile territorial zone, a 24 mile contiguous zone and an EEZ. In 1990 it declared the baselines of the maritime area. In March 2003 it signed a delimitation agreement with Cyprus with respect to their respective Exclusive Economic Zones. Other borders remain unresolved. These include: Libya (territorial sea and fishing zone/EEZ); Greece (continental shelf); Israel‐Gaza (territorial sea and continental shelf).