Jordan does not have a national maritime policy or national maritime governance framework. There is no overall national maritime vision, and maritime matters do not feature prominently in central government policies. This is largely because in practice responsibility for most maritime sectors is devolved to sub-national entities: the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA) and, for maritime transport and ports, the Jordan Maritime Authority (JMA).
At the ASEZA level, there is some coordination internally between the different Directorates of ASEZA and externally with JMA, but not comprehensively. ASEZA has adopted a number of well-defined policies, in particular associated with the reregulation, management, and protection of the natural environment and which include coastal and maritime elements, and there are plans for the development and use of land and coastal areas. The ASEZA Master Plan includes several zones and reserves for the protection of Aqaba’s cultural, archaeological, historical and natural heritage and diversity. Areas (marine and terrestrial) include: five environmental zones, coral reserves, archaeological reserves, natural area reserves and a Beach Protection Zone.
Legislation exists for several maritime activities, but a common view amongst stakeholders (governmental and non‐governmental) is the need for clarification of the roles and responsibilities under the legislation and identification of gaps. A new framework maritime law is currently being developed.
Jordan claims a territorial sea of 3 mile and has signed maritime boundary agreements with Israel and Saudi Arabia (but not Egypt, with which it also share its maritime boundary).