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Jordan

Jordan and Integrated Maritime Policy

General presentation: Maritime facts

Jordan is almost entirely land‐locked and only has a small (27 km) marine coast to the Red Sea, centred on the town and port of Aqaba, and bordering Israel and Saudi Arabia (with Egypt a closely opposite country in the Gulf of Aqaba). There is no Mediterranean coast. Consequently, many maritime priorities are quite localised, and relate to development of the Aqaba region (e.g. through activities such as tourism, diving and protection of coral reefs), although the region is important economically for the whole country and many aspects of the maritime sector have national and regional implications.

Maritime and coastal assets

Maritime and coastal policies

Outlook on the development of a national maritime policy

1st country visit

Jordan was visited in February 2011, with visits to government ministries and other stakeholders both in Amman and in the coastal region, Aqaba. Stakeholders from the main maritime sectors were consulted (transport, ports, coastal development, environment, tourism) and the IMP-MED team introduced the project and models for developing integrated maritime policy. At the same time, presentations were given to the IMP-MED team by the Jordan Maritime Authority and ASEZA on the key structures and processes in Jordan.

2nd country visit

Jordan was visited for the second time in September 2011. Two meetings were held – a project workshop, involving the main central ministries and other stakeholders from the Aqaba administration, and a second meeting with the Deputy Commissioner (Environment) of ASEZA. The visited presented an opportunity to introduce the project to several new participants, and to update other participants on progress and next steps.

It was noted that – particularly at the ASEZA level – Jordan was not starting from scratch on IMP, e.g. there were several comprehensive environmental policies, which had been developed with maritime stakeholder involvement, and which addressed the maritime component. Coastal zone planning had taken place, which addressed various marine issues, and a study on MSP was being planned. The workshop agreed, however, that there was interest in exploring IMP further in Jordan but that the issue would need to be discussed more widely with more stakeholders. There was particular interest in considering specific recommendations from the project on governance and inter-agency coordination. It was agreed that it would be useful to discuss these further at another workshop. There was also interest within ASEZA on developing proposals for concrete actions (e.g. establishing a maritime unit to coordinate the different sectors).