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Tunisia and Integrated Maritime Policy

Tunisia: Maritime facts

With a total area of 164,000 km², Tunisia is the smallest country in North Africa. Its coastline on the Mediterranean Sea is relatively long and stretching over 1300 km, limited on the west by Algeria and on the south by Libya.

The Sicily channel (mandatory passage crossed by the maritime road connecting Suez to Gibraltar) is the sea arm located between Tunisia and Sicily; its narrowest part is located between Cap Feto and Cap Bon and is 145 kilometers wide. This channel represents an international maritime space: islands, maritime safety and security, environment, transport, fishing, etc.

The Gulf of Gabes located on the eastern side of the country extends to the Tunisian-Libyan coast. It represents another important maritime zone, associated with important environmental, tourism and fishing challenges. The main cities and economic centers are located on the coast, and 76% of the urban population lives in coastal cities.

Maritime and coastal challenges in Tunisia

Maritime and coastal policies

Outlook on the development of a national and integrated maritime policy