Palestine lacks a coordinated maritime policy, with no single organisation having responsibility for the administration of maritime affairs and no national strategy, vision or policy for the maritime sector. There are various organisations which have maritime interests, but they are invariably poorly resourced, lack capacity and frequently do not address maritime issues extensively in policies or strategies. Nevertheless, various strategies and plans exist, including: the National Action Plan for Reduction of Pollution of Mediterranean from Land Based Sources, the Agriculture Strategy, the National Sector Strategy for Water and Waste Water in Palestine 2011 – 2013 and the Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Furthermore, the Ministry of Environmental Affairs has established the Coastal and Marine Environmental Protection Committee, as a cross-ministry coordination body.
As in other areas, a major priority for maritime policy concerns Palestinian aspirations for statehood, and relations with Israel. An Agreement exists between Israel and Palestine Liberation Organization (Cairo, 4 May 1994) that includes agreements on the use and responsibilities for the maritime space off the Gaza coast, but there are disputes about its implementation.