Tunisia has not yet developed a real holistic or integrated maritime policy.
For instance, there is no specific maritime governance structure at the level of the Government or the Parliament (neither at the decision making nor at the implementation level). Similarly, there is no national forum (maritime council, etc.) where all national maritime stakeholders may meet and discuss maritime issues.
Most traditional maritime activities are based on explicit and clear sectoral strategies implemented by specialized sectoral agencies, relying on comprehensive legal frameworks that are mostly sector-specific. Frameworks usually include an environmental assessment study at the level of projects, but rarely constitute strategic environmental evaluations at the level of policies, plans or programs.
Each sector developed specific resources (such as agencies and services) to conduct studies, surveillance or sea police operations. Some coordination and cooperation exists at the operational level: legislation (through the National Sea Rights Commission created in 1998) and sea operations.
Sectoral or integrated instruments and approaches are progressively developed (integrated management of coastal areas, integrated maritime control and supervision).
There are needs in terms of knowledge of the marine environment and maritime activities.
Tunisia did create an exclusive economic area (EEZ but is not yet demarcated) and signed various agreements with neighboring countries concerning maritime borders. There are agreements to demarcate the continental shelf. Tunisia is part of all main international maritime agreements (international maritime organization OMI, Barcelona Convention …).