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This project is funded by
the European Union

Morocco and Integrated Maritime Policy

Partner Countries

The project’s approaches at the national level are designed to be flexible; adaptable to a range of interests and capacities; and tailored to the specific needs of Partner Countries...

Specific objectives, needs and goals are developed in close coordination with each Partner Country, and – where Partner Countries express interest- a flexible “Roadmap” approach is to be developed both to structure the delivery of assistance and to define the long term visions and goals for individual Partner Countries.

Specific assistance can be delivered in a variety of forms, including national meetings or workshops between different maritime and coastal policies.

  • Morocco and Integrated Maritime Policy

    General presentation: Maritime facs

    Morocco has jurisdiction over areas opening up on two maritime fronts: The Mediterranean front and the Atlantic front covering an overall exclusive economic area of about one million km².

    Morocco controls the southern part of Gibraltar’s international strait, home of intense maritime economic traffic: longitudinal (between Suez and the Atlantic) and cross-sectional (Europe-Africa).

    Maritime and coastal assets
    Maritime and coastal policies

    Morocco offers real development opportunities, mainly in the maritime domain; however, opportunities have been anarchically developed showing risks threatening the marine ecosystem and resources, in addition to the impact of littoral activities (pleasure, extraction of marine enriching agents, sand quarries, etc.).

    A major part of the country’s economic development is located in coastal areas hosting industrial activities, mainly subject to the discharge of unprocessed wastewater as a result of growing urbanization.

    Most conventional maritime activities are based on explicit and well defined sectoral strategies, implemented by specialized sectoral agencies, supported by comprehensive regulatory systems, and including thorough environment assessment studies at the level of projects, plans and programs.

    The marine and coastal environment is closely watched in some areas and in some specific sectors. Sector based and integrated instruments and approaches are developed at the level of policies as well as at the operational level (integrated management of coastal areas, protected marine areas).

    Maritime challenges are not yet fully taken into consideration in the country’s development plan and in corresponding planning instruments (national and regional territory development plans) although a large number of sector-based strategies have already been designed.

    With regard to the importance of maritime challenges, Morocco should develop an integrated maritime policy and a maritime governance policy dedicated to the development of this integrated maritime policy, enabling the contribution of various maritime stakeholders in decisions and in the implementation of maritime strategies.

    This approach requires the set up of databases related to various aspects (social, economic, environmental, etc.) and the constitution of cross sectional coordination structures at the design and operational levels.

    Outlook on the development of a national maritime policy

    Maritime challenges are very important in Morocco and the country has the maritime potential (maritime space and marine resources, strategic position) to become a major player in a large number of maritime sectors.

    This can be done if a national and integrated maritime policy is developed, including the country’s different maritime areas (Atlantic and Mediterranean) as well as all various sectors. The roadmap for the development of this integrated maritime policy must take in consideration among others the following priorities:

    • Inventory of the country’s maritime challenges (resources, threats and risks, weaknesses and strengths, opportunities) using a full prospective study at the national level involving various maritime stakeholders;
    • Compensation of current deficiencies in terms of knowledge (availability and access) in the marine and maritime domains;
    • Creation of an adequate governance structure at the government level so as to encourage and support the development of national maritime policies.